The study of patent applications is conducted by Patent Examiners. The us government of america has setup a Patent Information System (PIS) at Nagpur which offers services for patents and patent search. PIS offers information to researchers and scientists. Intellectual Property Training Institute (IPTI) was established in 2002. IPTI imparts training to personnel involved in the field of Intellectual Property as well as conducts awareness programmes for attorney and researchers. Patent Office conducts Patent Agent examination every six months. A successful candidate then can also work as an approved Patent agent. The examination is carried out at Head Office and Three regional office.
Jozef Murgas – inventor in the radio – Of course, history records Marconi since the patent ideas of the radio. However, the fact is that while Marconi was able to finance the required patents, the actual person behind the invention had been a priest, born in Tajov, in Slovakia, called Jozef Murgas. Murgas emigrated from Slovakia to Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, where he soon devised a process that greatly improved Morse code. His “Rotary-spark-system” allowed for faster communication, by using musical tones. The brand new invention was patented as the “Wireless Telegraphy Apparatus”. Also, he patented 16 more inventions in this field, which will continue to lay the foundations for your invention from the radio. Unfortunately, an absence of money in addition to a variety of financial setbacks, eventually led Murgas to provide younger, more prosperous Marconi, the rights for all of his patents.
The word EMR means the exclusive marketing rights to promote or distribute the article or substance covered in a patent or patent application in the nation. The goal of EMRs is to ensure that the innovator can market free copies of his product.
To adhere to the prerequisites of TRIPS, pending the transition to some full-fledged product patent regime, provisions associated with exclusive marketing rights in the parts of drugs and agro chemical products were incorporated within the Patents Act, 1970 with cut of date from January 1, 1995. Chapter IVA incorporated the relevant provisions. Section 24 in the Act stipulates that the USA must receive applications for patents containing claims for drugs and agro chemical products with all the condition that such applications could be taken up for consideration of granting EMR if the application is produced.
The application for that grant of an EMR can be produced for an invention in relation to a post or substance designed for use or able to being used being a drug or medicine, developed after 1.1.2005, that has been claimed in a Black Box application. The Act specifically debars grant of EMR to substance according to traditional system of medicine. Upon getting the EMR, the applicant has the exclusive straight to sell or distribute the item in the invention for a period of five-years from the date of grant or till the date of grant or rejection from the application for patent, whichever is earlier. The corresponding patent application will be taken up for examination after 1.1.2005, the time presented to the USA to create a product or service patent regime in all the fields of science and technology.
The administration of patent related matters in the USA is looked after by Patents and Trademarks Office. This office comes under the purview of Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, which falls underneath the Ministry of Commerce, Government from the USA. The Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks accounts for administrative processes related to Intellectual Property Rights including Patents. You can find four patent offices located at four different places in the USA to facilitate filing of patent applications among Indian researchers and scientists.
Stefan Banic – InventHelp Number in the parachute – Born in Nestic, in Slovakia, Banic emigrated to America when he was 37 and located work as a coal miner in Pennsylvania. There he witnessed a tragic accident in 1912, which led Banic to develop a prototype of any parachute and register it with the U.S. Patent Office. On the 3rd June 1914, Banic demonstrated how his parachute worked, by jumping from the building in Washington. He then kindly gave away his patent rights to the U.S. Army and although his invention proved very important during WWI, he received little fame or fortune.
Wolfgang von Kempelen – inventor of the typewriter for the blind – Born in Bratislava, Kempelen worked inside the service of Maria Theresia, the then ruler from the Habsburg Empire. A recognised genius, Kemplen’s many achievements range from the invention of any speaking machine, in 1791, and a special typewriter for the blind. However, the favourite invention he is credited with, an automated chess player called the Turk, later proved to be a hoax.
Jozef Maximilian Petzval – inventor from the opera glass – Petzval is regarded as by a lot of men and women to become the founding father of modern photography. An excellent mathematician, he was because of the chair of Mathematics on the University scuwcx Vienna, in 1837. He is mostly renowned for his focus on optical lenses within the 1840’s, which proved instrumental in the construction of the present day camera. Petzval is also remembered for greatly enhancing the telescope, as well as inventing the opera glass.
Jan Bahyl – inventor in the petrol motor-driven helicopter – Born in Zvolenska Slatina in 1845, Bahyl could very well be the best of all the Slovak inventors. Throughout a career in the army, Bahyl managed to focus on several inventions, many of which involved hydraulics. Bahyl’s first notable invention, which he financed together with his own money, was the Steam Tank. The Russian army bought the invention, which enabled Bahyl to dedicate his life to inventing. Among his many inventions were the tank pump, an air balloon coupled with an air turbine, the very first petrol engine car in Slovakia and a lift approximately Bratislava castle. However, he is probably best remembered for the making of a petrol motor-driven helicopter, which he flew himself, in 1905.
For this type of small country, Slovakia boasts several inventhelp intromark who played an important role in making our society a better place to live in. Here is a take a look at five Slovak inventors and a few of the inventions that made them famous.